OPM Reports on Workforce Demographics

Following are excerpts from a recently issued annual report in which OPM examines the demographics of the federal workforce, including trends. Findings for FY 2012  The number of minorities in the FW increased by 1.2 percent from 662,991 in FY 2011 to 670,853 in FY 2012. The FW is 17.9 percent Black, 8.2 percent Hispanic, 5.8 percent Asian/Pacific Islander, 1.7 percent American Indian/Alaska Native, 1.0 percent Non-Hispanic/Multi-Racial, and 65.4 percent White. Minorities as a whole constituted 34.6 percent of the FW. Men comprised 56.5 percent of all Federal permanent employees and women 43.5 percent. Notably, the Federal government still faces challenges with regard to the full employment of Hispanics, as they constitute 8.2 percent of the FW.  The Senior Executive Service (SES) is now more diverse than ever. The SES is 10.5 percent Black, 4.1 percent Hispanic, 3.3 percent Asian/Pacific Islander, 1.4 percent American Indian/Alaska Native, and 0.6 percent Non-Hispanic/Multi-Racial. In addition, women now make up 33.5 percent of the SES.  OPM Initiatives  Since 2009 President Obama has signed various Executive Orders aimed at promoting a diverse and inclusive Federal workforce. On August 19, 2011, the President signed and issued Executive Order 13583, Establishing a Coordinated Government-Wide Initiative to Promote Diversity and Inclusion in the Federal Workforce, in order to promote the Federal workplace as a model of equality, diversity, and inclusion. On November 17, 2011, OPM issued the Government-Wide Diversity and Inclusion Strategic Plan, which identified three goals for implementation by agencies to include Workforce Diversity, Workplace Inclusion, and Sustainability. Fifty-seven agencies submitted agency-specific Diversity and Inclusion Strategic Plans, and they continue to actively implement those plans with guidance from OPM.  On November 9, 2009, President Obama signed Executive Order 13518, Employment of Veterans in the Federal Government, which established the Veterans Employment Initiative. In the first full year, the Executive Branch of the Government hired the highest percentage of veterans in more than 20 years.  In addition, OPM is committed to assisting agencies in implementing Executive Order 13548, Increasing Federal Employment of Individuals with Disabilities. The goal under Executive Order 13548 is to hire 100,000 people with disabilities in all job series and at all grade levels by 2015 in order to enable the Federal Government to tap into this rich source of diverse talent. Initial FY 2012 data indicates an increase in the hiring of people with disabilities as compared to 2011, and in FY 2011, Americans with disabilities, including veterans who are 30 percent or more disabled, made up 14.7 percent of new hires, a 20-year high.  To address difficulties recruiting and hiring students, recent graduates and Veterans, President Obama signed Executive Order 13562, Recruiting and Hiring Students and Recent Graduates, on December 27, 2010. This executive order establishes the Pathways Program, consisting of three excepted-service programs tailored to recruit, hire, develop, and retain students and recent graduates to include veterans. Under this program, OPM is conducting outreach to, among others, Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Hispanic Serving Institutions, Tribal Colleges and Universities, and Asian American and American Indian/Alaska Native Pacific Islander Serving Institutions. Additionally, through the creation of the Governmentwide Veterans Recruitment and Employment Strategic Plan for FY 2010–FY 2012, OPM is helping agencies to meet the overarching goal to increase the percentage of veterans hired in the Federal Executive Branch.  Due to the challenge of underrepresentation of Hispanics in the Federal workforce, OPM renewed the Hispanic Council on Federal Employment (Council) through 2014. This Council, which brings together leaders from the Hispanic community, Human Resources (HR), Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO), and Diversity and Inclusion (D&I), is actively advising the Director of OPM on specific practices and recommendations related to the recruitment, hiring, retention, and advancement of Hispanics in the Federal workplace.  Finally, the OPM is working with the Chief Human Capital Officers (CHCO) Council and agencies to assess current and emerging skills gaps and develop strategies to close these gaps in mission-critical occupations and skills areas that have the greatest impact on government-wide, and agency-specific, performance. The desired outcomes of this effort are: (1) increased proficiency levels in targeted skills areas through training, and (2) institutionalized processes for identifying and addressing skills gaps (government-wide and agency-specific). Major findings in the FY 2012 FEORP Report are: The number of minorities in the FW increased by 1.2percent from 662,991 to 670,853 in FY 2012. * Blacks represented 17.9 percent (346,824) of the FW in 2012 and 17.8 percent (345,679) in FY 2011. The representation of Blacks in the CLF was 10.1 percent in 2012 and 2011.  * Hispanics represented 8.2 percent (159,639) of the FW in 2012, compared to 8.1 percent (157,648) in FY 2011. The representation of Hispanics in the CLF2 was 14.2 percent in 2012, compared to 13.6 in 2011.  * Asian/Pacific Islanders represented 5.8 percent (112,261) of the FW in 2012, compared to 5.6 percent (109,871) in FY 2011. The representation of Asians/Pacific Islanders in the CLF3 was 4.9 percent in 2012, compared to 4.4 in 2011. * American Indian/Alaska Natives represented 1.7 percent (33,171) of the FW in 2012 and 1.7 percent (33,761) in FY 2011. American Indian/Alaska Natives representation in the CLF was 0.9 percent in 2012, compared to 0.7 in 2011.  * Non-Hispanic Multi-Racial employees represented 1.0 percent (18,958) of the FW in 2012 compared to 0.8 (16,032) in FY 2011. The representation of Non-Hispanic Multi-Racial employees in the CLF was 1.7 percent in 2012, compared to 1.2 in 2011.  * White employees represented 65.4 percent (1,270,362) of the permanent FW as of September 30, 2012, compared to 65.9 (1,281,659). The representation of White employees in the CLF was 68.5 percent in 2012, compared to 70.0 percent in 2011.  * Women represented 43.5 percent (844,223) of the FW in 2012, compared to 43.6 percent (848,257) in FY 2011. The representation of women in the CLF was 46.3 percent in 2012, and the same in 2011